Quantum Computing

A quantum computer could solve a problem in a week that it would take a supercomputer an age. The expansion in computing power gained by incorporating quantum mechanics’ principles into computing could prove to be as revolutionary to computer science as research in physics and electromagnetism has proved to modern electronics. The arrival of quantum computing is nigh.
What is changing?

Sectors

  • Commercial quantum computers could arrive in store in just a year or two.
  • The benefits of quantum computing will revolutionize sectors such as technology, pharmaceuticals and finance as complex calculations that current computers can take weeks or months to complete.
  • Google will be getting a major upgrade to its D-Wave brand quantum computer.
  • Quantum information technology will transform data communication and processing.
  • Quantum and cognitive computers will perform Big Data processing in the cloud.
  • Quantum computing could transform and disrupt existing computer systems.
  • A quantum computer could calculate ideal paths for travel either on land or air and it could improve code verification dramatically.
  • Quantum computers could dramatically improve stock market predictions thus benefiting wealthy financial institutions.

Security

  • Data encryption techniques will all be dramatically enhanced the day digital computing is replaced by quantum computing.
  • Quantum teleportation could enable the development of a “quantumInternet” that allows messages to be sent more securely.
  • Experts at the National Security Agency are deeply worried that the current security cryptography used to protect almost all electronic data over the past 50 years will easily be unraveled by hackers once quantum computers become a reality.
  • A practical quantum computer will render all encryption methods based on prime factors useless.
  • Quantum computers could factorize a large number exponentially faster than any conventional computer.
  • Quantum computing is advancing quickly enough that the NSA and other organizations could find themselves extremely vulnerable if they’re not completely ready when the technology becomes a practical reality.
  • Quantum computing will simply enable unprecedented breaches of privacy and access to confidential data in businesses, hospitals, banks or governments worldwide.

Development

  • Quantum computers will use qubits.
  • Quantum computers will probably not have many qubits.
  • Quantum computing will vastly increase the speed and capability of computing.
  • Quantum computers are now widely expected to work within five to 30 years.
  • A useful quantum computer could be 10 years away.
  • Languages, compilers, and computer-aided design tools will be essential for scalable quantum computing.
  • Future technologies will require a new breed of magnets with additional properties to increase storage and processing capabilities.
  • Combining the vast processing power of quantum computers with cognitive computing systems like IBM’s Watson will lead to huge advances in artificial intelligence.
  • Sensing and imaging will surely be affected by the development of robustquantum components including sources, memories and gates.
  • Constructing a working universal digital quantum computer will likely require mobilizing industrial-scale resources.
  • QCs will bring quantum mechanics to the masses like ham radio brought electronics and PCs brought computer programming to the masses.
Implications

Science

  • Quantum computing powered artificial intelligence and machine learning could further space exploration.
  • Quantum computing could allow scientists to calculate molecular structure.
  • Quantum teleportation could enable the development of a “quantum Internet” that allows messages to be sent more securely.
  • Quantum batteries could allow for super-fast charging thanks to entanglement.
  • Quantum 3D printing could produce ultra-fine wires for fast computing with charge or spin.
  • Quantum computers could help scientists find cures for cancer.
  • Harnessing quantum behavior could enable game-changing innovations in computing and electronic devices.
  • Fundamental studies of the quantum mechanical behavior of electrons inmaterials will lead to an improved understanding of electrical and thermal conduction in a wide range of material systems.

Problem solving

  • Quantum computers could solve problems other computers can’t.
  • Quantum computers could work on problems involving searches of large data sets or on performing massive calculations.
  • Quantum computing could potentially solve certain problems much faster than today’s classical computers while using comparatively less power to perform the calculations.
  • Researchers contemplate a world where various agencies store some intercepted encrypted communication under the assumption that one day they will have sufficient computational power to decode them.
  • A universal quantum computer will not require exponential complexity in design.
  • Quantum photonics will be the first quantum technology to make a noticeable impact on society.
  • A quantum computer with some flaws could be just as effective as a perfect one.
  • Quantum computers could factorize a large number exponentially faster than any conventional computer.
  • There will be many kinds of quantum computers.
  • Quantum mechanics and quantum artificial intelligence will enable robots that are intelligent, creative and multi-task orientated.

Processing power
Quantum computing will potentially extend Moore’s Law into the next decade.
Combining the vast processing power of quantum computers with cognitive computing systems like IBM’s Watson will lead to huge advances in artificial intelligence.
Quantum computers could quickly sort and curate ever larger databases as well as massive stores of diverse, unstructured data.

DRIVERS
Search for these ‘Future Indicators’ via the front page of ShapingTomorrow.comto see the drivers underlying the change in quantum computer capabilities:

quantum · technologies · electronics · power · qubits · revolutionise · communication · encryption · quantum mechanics · cryptography · calculations · artificial intelligence · energy · materials · photonics · supercomputers · quantum dot · design · universe

Learn more
What future opportunities and risks could arise for your organization from advances in ‘Quantum Computing? Develop your answer and response here.

Find the sources and more resources on Shaping Tomorrow’s ‘Quantum Computing’, some of which were used in this Trend Alert, or ask us for our ready-made and free, in-depth PowerPoint report or more detailed GIST briefing on this or any other topic of interest to you.

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